USSR launches Sputnik, first artificial earth satellite.
In response, US forms the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA), the following year, within the Department of Defense (Do D) to establish US lead in science and technology applicable to the military (:amk:) TX-2 at MIT Lincoln Lab and AN/FSQ-32 at System Development Corporation (Santa Monica, CA) are directly linked (without packet switches) via a dedicated 1200bps phone line; Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) computer at ARPA later added to form "The Experimental Network" National Physical Laboratory (NPL) in Middlesex, England develops NPL Data Network under Donald Watts Davies who coins the term packet.
A few months later a three-judge panel imposes an injunction against its enforcement.
Supreme Court unanimously rules most of it unconstitutional in 1997.
(Nov) It would take four years until the establishment of this network by Congress (:gb1:) First relays between a commercial electronic mail carrier and the Internet: MCI Mail through the Corporation for the National Research Initiative (CNRI), and Compu Serve through Ohio State Univ (:jg1,ph1:) Commercial Internet e Xchange (CIX) Association, Inc.
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